I'm not saying this is great — but that would make it so much worse. She says she was left screaming in agony for hours without any anesthesia or anyone help her with the delivery. Where has this great fear of childbirth come from in the west? For the informants in this study, the culturally-sanctioned social role of "mother" requires strength, maturity, and the ability to empathize with your child. This social relationship, it seems, has a significant impact upon the social construction of gender and therefore bears significant implications for consumer research. The average maternity leave in the United States is about 10 weeks, often cobbled together using sick leave and vacation days, as the United States remains one of the only industrialized countries in the world without a federally-mandated paid parental leave policy.
Pregnancy and birth in Japan: a cultural primer for foreign mothers | The Japan Times
Instead of relying upon the traditional Japanese Shinto notion of pollution and purity as categories of causation, diagnosis, and treatment; midwifery was completely reconceptualized under the concept of hygiene. In the past, an expectant mother who wanted to know the gender of her unborn baby had to wait for a sonogram 20 weeks into her pregnancy. Spending time during prenatal consultations and birthing classes talking about the potential for a C-section, and preparing women for what that could be like, Marhong says, may make the experience less traumatic. During the Tokugawa era and until the early s, lay midwives, organized at a community level, continued to assist in the delivery of most of the babies in Japan Maruyama et al. We were all literally weeping with happiness.